Conventional GenerationTransmissionDistributionCustomers Services
Black startParticipation to the primary frequency controlCapacity supportEnd-user peak shaving
ArbitrageParticipation to the secondary frequency controlDynamic, local voltage controlTime-of-use energy cost management
Support to conventional generationParticipation to the tertiary frequency controlContingency grid supportParticular requirements in power quality
Improvement of the frequency stability of weak gridsIntentional islandingContinuity of energy supply
Investment deferralReactive power compensationLimitation of upstream disturbances
Participation to angular stabilityDistribution power qualityCompensation of the reactive power
Limitation of upstream perturbations
Renewable Generation
Distributed generation flexibility
Capacity firming
Limitation of upstream perturbations
Curtailment minimisation